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© 2019 by Vicki Whiting, Editor Jeff Schinkel, Graphics Vol. 35, No. 37 Sea or marine turtles have outlived almost all of the prehistoric animals. Marine turtles were around during the time of the dinosaurs and are still present in the world’s oceans today. On today’s Kid Scoop page, meet these incredible creatures! In recent times, marine turtles have faced dangers. Entire turtle populations have been almost completely wiped out due to threats like hunters, habitat destruction, pollution, being hit by boats, and introduced predators. Draw lines to connect the turtles whose shells are alike. According to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service there are seven kinds of sea turtles: hawksbill, green, loggerhead, flatback, Kemp’s ridley, olive ridley and leatherback. One way to tell one type of sea turtle from another is to look at the pattern of scutes, or plates, on their shells. NOTE: Unlike other species of sea turtle, the leatherback does not have scales. Instead, it is covered with firm, rubbery skin with several long ridges or “keels.” Standards Link: Life Science: There is variation among individuals of one kind within a population. Migrating leatherback turtles have been known to dive down 4,600 feet (1,400 meters) to avoid sharks and other predators. They must surface every hour to breathe. Sea turtles and land turtles are reptiles and they both have shells. One way they are different is that a sea turtle cannot retract its limbs or its head like a land turtle can. Are you an eagle-eyed reader? Read the story below and circle the six errors you find. Then rewrite the story correctly on a separate piece of paper. Turtle Trouble All sea tortles are protected by the Endangered Species Act, which lists all species as “endangered” except the loggerhead, which is listed as “threatened.” In many cases, it is human activity that has caused sea turtle populations to delcine worldwade. Building along coastal areas has reduced natural nesting habitats. Adult sea turtles are captured for there eggs, meat, leather and shells. The accidental capture of adults in fishing nets has brought one species, the Kemp’s ridley, to the brink of extinction. For these resons, all sea turtle species are protect. Find the differences between these two turtles. Sea turtles are long-distance travelers. Some species travel hundreds, even thousands of miles, from their feeding grounds to their nesting grounds. The adult females return faithfully to lay their eggs on the same beach where they hatched. The breeding grounds for the Pacific population of loggerhead turtles are limited to a few beaches in southern Japan, but adults are known to migrate incredible distances in order to feed. One turtle tagged in Japan was found feeding off the coast of Baja, Mexico, a distance of over 7,500 miles (12,000 kilometers). Loggerheads have been sighted from Chile all the way north to Alaska. Help this turtle avoid the hazards and find her way to the island. Standards Link: Math/ Number Sense: Calculate differences. Standards Link: Life Science: The sequential stages of life cycles are different for different animals. The leatherback is the largest sea turtle. It can grow to be about 6 feet (1.8 meters) long and weigh as much as 1,400 pounds (637 kilograms). How much is 1,400 pounds? Add up the numbers on each of the animals. The animals with even sums weigh about 1,400 pounds. The others weigh less. ANSWER: The cow, giraffe and horse each weigh about 1,400 pounds. Standards Link: Math/Number Sense: Calculate sums. Find the highest-priced and lowest-priced home for sale listed in this newspaper’s classified ad section. What is the difference between the two prices? TURTLES RIDLEY BREEDING JAPAN OCEAN OLIVE BEACHES BOATS SCUTES KEELS SPECIES FIRM MILES MARINE Find the words in the puzzle. How many of them can you find on this page? S S E I C E P S T O E S E L I M Y L C U H S R T R E J E L T C E V I L O A E E S A L F D S N P K D E E T I C S T A O B T B R E E D I N G M U F U R M A R I N E C L T K J S E L A C S Standards Link: Letter sequencing. Recongized identical words. Skim and scan reading. Recall spelling patterns. Misunderstood Monster Write a news story about a misunderstood monster. Deadline: September 15 Published: Week of Oct. 13 Send your story to: Ocean Scrapbook Napa Valley Register Look for newspaper pictures and stories about the ocean. Cut out the stories and pictures, include some illustrations of your own and create an “Ocean” scrapbook. 1615 Soscol Avenue Napa, CA 94559 ANSWER: Vitamin sea. Standards Link: Earth Science: Students know characteristics of oceans. Attn: Kid Scoop You mustinclude includeyour yourschool schooland andgrade. grade. Please For more information on becoming a Newspapers In Education sponsor, please contact Circulation at 707.256.2280.