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Greek tragedy from Cal Shakes: 'The Orestia' is online on Jan. 15

Greek tragedy from Cal Shakes: 'The Orestia' is online on Jan. 15


If the events of the past week or more have called to mind an unfolding Greek tragedy, this week provides an opportunity to compare our own current political plight with stories first performed in 483 BCE.

California Shakespeare Theatre — Cal Shakes — in their first performance since 2019, will present an online reading of “The Oresteia,” a trilogy of tragic dramas by the ancient Greek dramatist Aeschylus.

This free, virtual reading is on Friday, Jan. 15, at 5:30 p.m.

‘The Oresteia was originally intended for Cal Shakes’ 2020 season, which was canceled because of the coronavirus pandemic.

Cal Shakes announcement read, “In light of the upheaval in our nation’s capital. And with the inauguration on the horizon, we are turning to Aeschylus, and we didn’t want this unprecedented political moment to pass without sharing it with you.”

Playwright Ellen McLaughlin has “freely” adapted this production from Aeschylus’ works; it’s directed by Eric Ting, Cal Shakes’ artistic director.

The release quotes McLaughlin asking, “How do we believe in governance when we’ve seen it desecrated? How do we believe in the fundamental good of the human spirit when we’ve seen it at its worst? What do we do in the aftermath of mayhem that has been of our own creation?’”

McLaughlin’s adaptation “wrestles with its themes of family, war, power, sacrifice, and our collective responsibility to disrupt the tragedies amongst us with mercy, compassion, and grace — as a means of wrestling with our own uncertainties, our own hopes.”

“The Oresteia,” the only complete trilogy of ancient Greek dramas that has survived, tells the story of the house of Atreus in three plays, “Agamemnon,” “Choephoroi” (Libation Bearers) and “Eumenides” (“Kind Goddesses”).

In the first play, King Agamemnon returns victorious from the Trojan War, only to be murdered by his wife, Clytemnestra, and her lover, Aegisthus. Clytemnestra, sister of Helen of Troy, murders Agamemnon partly to avenge the death of her daughter Iphigeneia, whom Agamemnon had sacrificed for his victory, partly because of her love for Aegisthus and partly as an agent for the curse on Agamemnon’s family, the House of Atreus.

The enigmatic songs of the chorus raise the themes of theology, politics, and blood relationships that continue through the trilogy.

The second play takes its title from the chorus of women servants who bring propitiatory offerings to Agamemnon’s tomb. “Choephroi” covers the revenge of Agamemnon’s children, Electra and Orestes. His son Orestes slays Aegisthus, but only reluctantly follows the god Apollo’s bidding to murder his mother. He flees Argos, guilt-wracked, maddened and pursued by the Furies, female incarnations of his mother’s curse.

“Eumenides” opens at the shrine of Apollo at Delphi, where Orestes has taken sanctuary from the Furies. There, the Delphic oracle commands Orestes to go to Athens to stand trial for matricide. The goddess Athena organizes the trial with a jury of citizens; the Furies are his accusers, and Apollo his defense. The jury’s verdict is divided, and Athena casts the tie-breaking vote for Orestes’ acquittal.

The Furies turn their vengeful resentment against the city until Athena persuades them to instead make it their home where they can live as its kind goddesses, the Eumenides. Thus, the trilogy ends as the cycle of bloody retribution is closed, supplanted by the rule of law and the justice of the state.

Whether one considers “Orestia” a distant mirror or an evening’s escape from the news, it is an option for Friday night.

Cal Shakes had planned to offer “Orestia” as a paid, ticketed event, but said, “ in light of current events, it feels vital to us that we are all invited to participate in the civic discourse of our nation. At Cal Shakes, we do that through stories.”

The ensemble of actors includes Margo Hall, Todd Cerveris, Safiya Fredricks, Francesca Fernandez McKenzie, Cathleen Riddley, Stacy Ross, Sharon Shao, Liz Sklar, Victor Talmadge, Dane Troy and Phil Won.

Register to be sent a link at Although the performance is free, donations will be accepted.


President-elect Joe Biden and his team are preparing to take over in the middle of the crisis.Yesterday, Biden set his first three goals to get the coronavirus under control during his first 100 daysPresident-elect Joe Biden: "I am absolutely convinced that in 100 days we can change the course of the disease and change life in America for the better"Biden developed the priorities with Dr. Anthony Fauci. The president-elect says he'll sign an order on his first day in office requiring masks "Wherever possible." His second priority is to get 100 million vaccine shots into Americans' arms during that same time period. And finally, Biden says he wants to get children safely back to in-person learning. He says it will require funding from Congress and public health support from state and local governments.


Sasha Paulsen is features editor at the Napa Valley Register. Reach her at

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Features Editor

Sasha Paulsen has been features editor at the Napa Valley Register since 1999. A graduate of Napa High School, she studied English at UC Berkeley and St. Mary's College and earned a Masters in Journalism from the UC Berkeley Graduate School of Journalism.

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