In 1920, the Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified, giving women the right to vote. Since then, women have been elected to Congress in increasing numbers; the speaker of the House is a woman, Nancy Pelosi. In 2016, Hillary Clinton, a Democrat, became the first woman to win the nomination to run for president from a major political party. She didn't win the White House, but her campaign helped encourage more women than ever to run for political office. And so far this year, five women, all Democrats, have already announced they are running for president in the 2020 election.
Politics isn't the only place women have broken through barriers. In 1944, Ann Baumgartner Carl became the first female test pilot. In 1953, aviator Jacqueline Cochran was the first woman to break the sound barrier. In 1999, Lt. Col. Eileen Collins became the first female astronaut to pilot and command a NASA space shuttle mission. Women also have been appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court and directed big-budget, award-winning Hollywood films.
Using data from news reports, historical governmental sites, and “Rad American Women A-Z,” by Kate Schatz, Stacker compiled a list of 100 trailblazing women.