As California’s COVID-19 cases surged past 435,000, Gov. Gavin Newsom announced more protections for the state’s essential workers, including farmworkers, truck drivers, construction workers and grocery employees.
But he gave few specific details and said more information would come in the next few weeks.
He noted during his daily virtual news conference on Friday that California’s essential workers are disproportionately Latino and disproportionately affected by COVID-19. Latinos account for about 55 percent of the state’s COVID-19 cases, despite comprising about 39 percent of the population.
“Extinguishing COVID-19 depends on our ability to keep our essential workers safe,” Newsom said. “This is where we’re seeing the spread.”
Low wages, cramped living conditions and the fluidity of the agricultural workforce make the farm worker community particularly prone to COVID-19.
With most schools unable to reopen this fall and daily new COVID-19 cases topping 12,000 on two different days this week, Newsom has come under fire for his response to the pandemic, including criticism that he reopened the state too soon. The state’s County Monitoring List now numbers 36 counties, including California’s most heavily populated regions, with virus activity of concern to public health officials.
Newsom highlighted a new program, Housing for the Harvest, which will provide hotel rooms for agricultural workers who test positive or were exposed to the virus so they can safely isolate.
The program, which will rely mostly on Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) aid, will first focus on the Central Valley, Central Coast and Imperial Valley regions, where many migrant farmworkers live in crowded and unhealthful conditions during the growing season. Counties will be responsible for providing additional assistance to these workers, including meals and check-in visits.
Other efforts announced Friday include:
Of Napa County's 685 confirmed coronavirus cases, at least 67 are residents at five group living facilities.
— A new “employer playbook” that spells out what employers must do to protect their workers at various stages of reopening.
— Faster investigation and enforcement of companies that don’t follow state guidance in protecting their employees.
— Expansion of the state’s public awareness campaign, which promotes mask-wearing and other preventive actions, to employers and workers.
California’s migrant farmworkers are at particularly high risk during the pandemic, as many must crowd into cheap motel rooms or other substandard housing during the growing season.
Some counties, including Monterey, have developed pacts for growers to better protect their workers, including mandatory hand washing, added bathrooms and increased distance between workers in the field.
This project will have the capacity to test up to 100 farmworkers a day, sponsors said.
Many agricultural workers have fallen ill despite those measures.
In Napa, at least 30 farmworkers living in farmworker housing centers have tested positive.
Data compiled by the California Institute for Rural Studies show that as of June 30, Monterey County agricultural workers were three times more likely to become infected by the virus than non-agricultural employees. To date, 972 of the county’s agricultural workers have tested positive for COVID-19.
In May, 44 employees of the Calavo Growers packinghouse in Ventura County tested positive. In June, the county saw 188 more farmworkers in Oxnard test positive. The workers — all temporary employees brought to the United States on H-2A visas meant to address local labor shortages — slept five to a room in farmworker housing.
A similar outbreak is occurring in Santa Maria where 57 employees of labor contracting company Alco Harvesting tested positive, according to Jackie Ruiz, a spokesperson for the Santa Barbara County Public Health Department.
Data shows Black, Hispanic and Native Americans have been disproportionately impacted by the pandemic in counties nationwide. Statistics in Napa County show the local disparity for Latinos.
At least 112 workers and family members at a pistachio plant in the San Joaquin Valley have fallen ill, representing about a fifth of employees there. Workers allege that their employer, Primex Farms, failed to give them protective gear, told infected workers to keep their diagnosis confidential, and were told to resign if they requested time off to quarantine.
“With no visible regulatory enforcement, we are left to hear from workers directly,” Noe Paramo, a rural worker advocate and Joel Diringer, a farmworker health expert, wrote in a recent CalMatters editorial. “We need to protect our food supply and our farmworkers. Relying on California’s $50 billion agricultural industry to implement protections without state oversight, with more than 1 million farmworker families in jeopardy is insufficient. We can and must do better.”
CalMatters reporter Jackie Botts contributed to this story.
Watch Now: No more discriminating against renters who have housing vouchers
CalMatters is a nonpartisan, nonprofit news organization covering the major state issues in California.